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Information about Romania
Information about Romania

Information About Romania

Discover fascinating facts and details about Romania, a beautiful country located in Eastern Europe. Romania is known for its diverse geography, rich history, vibrant culture, and delicious cuisine. Situated in the southeastern part of Europe, Romania is bordered by Bulgaria to the south, Serbia to the southwest, Hungary to the west, Ukraine to the north, and Moldova to the east.

With a population of over 19 million people, Romania is the seventh most populous country in the European Union. The capital and largest city of Romania is Bucharest, which is also the cultural, industrial, and financial center of the country.

One of the highlights of Romania's geography is the Carpathian Mountains, which stretch across the central part of the country. These majestic mountains offer breathtaking landscapes, picturesque hiking trails, and opportunities for winter sports. Another notable geographic feature of Romania is the Danube Delta, a UNESCO World Heritage site and one of the largest wetlands in Europe. It is home to a diverse range of flora and fauna, making it a paradise for nature lovers and birdwatchers.

Romania has a rich and fascinating history that dates back thousands of years. It was inhabited by various ancient civilizations, including the Dacians and Romans. The Roman conquest of Dacia in 106 AD left a lasting impact on the region, with remnants of Roman architecture still visible in certain parts of the country.

During the medieval period, Romania was home to impressive castles and fortresses, many of which still stand today. One of the most famous castles in Romania is Bran Castle, often associated with the legendary vampire Count Dracula. Located in Transylvania, Bran Castle attracts tourists from around the world who are intrigued by its connection to the iconic vampire tale.

In more recent history, Romania experienced a period of communist rule under the leadership of Nicolae Ceausescu. However, the fall of communism in 1989 marked a turning point for the country, leading to its transition towards democracy and a market economy. Romania joined the European Union in 2007 and has since made significant progress in various fields.

When it comes to culture, Romania is known for its vibrant traditions, folklore, and music. Traditional Romanian music and dance are an integral part of the country's cultural heritage, with unique instruments and rhythms that captivate audiences. Romanian cuisine is also a delight for food lovers, combining influences from neighboring countries and using fresh local ingredients. From hearty soups and stews to delicious pastries and desserts, Romanian gastronomy offers a diverse and flavorful culinary experience.



Romania is a country located in Eastern Europe, boasting a diverse and captivating geography. From the majestic Carpathian Mountains to the picturesque Danube Delta, Romania offers a stunning array of natural landscapes to explore.

The Carpathian Mountains dominate the central and northern regions of Romania, offering breathtaking views and a haven for outdoor enthusiasts. With peaks reaching over 2,500 meters, the Carpathians provide ample opportunities for hiking, skiing, and wildlife spotting. The region is also home to the famous Transfagarasan Highway, known as one of the most scenic drives in the world.

On the other hand, the Danube Delta is a unique and enchanting natural wonder. It is the second-largest river delta in Europe and a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The delta is a paradise for birdwatchers and nature lovers, with over 300 species of birds and diverse flora and fauna. Exploring the winding channels and tranquil lakes of the Danube Delta is like stepping into a serene and untouched world.

In addition to these prominent features, Romania also boasts stunning landscapes such as the rolling hills of Transylvania, the charming villages of Maramures, and the beautiful Black Sea coastline. Each region offers its own unique charm and beauty, making Romania a truly diverse and captivating destination for nature lovers and adventure seekers alike.


History has shaped Romania into the fascinating country it is today. With ancient origins dating back to the Paleolithic era, Romania has a rich and diverse history that spans thousands of years. The region was inhabited by various tribes and civilizations, including the Dacians, who were known for their fierce resistance against the Roman Empire.

In 106 AD, Romania came under Roman rule and became part of the Roman Empire. The Romans left a lasting legacy in the form of impressive architecture, such as the ruins of the ancient city of Ulpia Traiana Sarmizegetusa. The Roman conquest brought new technologies and cultural influences to the region.

During the medieval period, Romania witnessed the rise of powerful rulers and the construction of magnificent castles. One of the most famous castles is Bran Castle, often associated with the legendary vampire Count Dracula. This imposing fortress attracts visitors from all over the world, intrigued by the myths and stories surrounding it.

More recently, Romania experienced a tumultuous era under communist rule. From 1947 to 1989, the country was under the authoritarian leadership of Nicolae Ceausescu. The communist regime brought significant changes to Romania's social, political, and economic landscape. The fall of communism in 1989 marked a turning point in Romania's history, leading the country towards democracy and a new era of freedom.

Today, Romania is a member of the European Union and continues to evolve and grow. Its history is a testament to its resilience and the determination of its people. Exploring Romania's past allows us to understand and appreciate the country's rich heritage and the journey it has undertaken to become the vibrant nation it is today.

Medieval Period

The medieval period of Romania is a fascinating time in its history, filled with impressive castles and the legendary tales of Count Dracula. This era is characterized by the architectural wonders of Romania's castles, which still stand today as a testament to the country's rich past.

One of the most iconic castles from this period is Bran Castle, often associated with the infamous vampire Count Dracula. Situated on a hilltop in Transylvania, this castle is shrouded in myths and legends. It is said to have inspired Bram Stoker's novel, "Dracula," and has become a popular tourist attraction.

Another enchanting region from the medieval period is Transylvania, known for its medieval towns and stunning landscapes. This picturesque region is home to charming towns like Sibiu and Brasov, where visitors can wander through cobblestone streets and explore well-preserved medieval architecture.

During the medieval period, Romania was also influenced by various cultures, including the Ottoman Empire and the Austro-Hungarian Empire. This blend of influences is reflected in the architecture and culture of the time, creating a unique and diverse atmosphere.

Overall, the medieval period in Romania is a captivating era filled with impressive castles, mythical legends, and a rich cultural heritage. Exploring the castles and towns of this period allows visitors to step back in time and immerse themselves in the history and romance of Romania's medieval past.

Bran Castle

Bran Castle, also known as Dracula's Castle, is a fascinating historical landmark located in Romania. This iconic castle has a rich history and is often associated with the infamous vampire Count Dracula. Let's delve into the captivating story behind Bran Castle and explore the myths and legends that surround it.

Bran Castle is situated in the picturesque region of Transylvania, known for its stunning landscapes and medieval towns. The castle's construction dates back to the 14th century and it served as a strategic fortress to defend the region against invaders. Over the centuries, Bran Castle has witnessed numerous historical events and has been the home of several important figures.

One of the main reasons why Bran Castle is linked to Count Dracula is its eerie and gothic appearance. The castle's imposing towers, winding staircases, and dark corridors create an atmosphere of mystery and intrigue. It is believed that Bram Stoker, the author of the famous novel "Dracula," drew inspiration from Bran Castle when describing the residence of his fictional vampire character.

While there is no concrete evidence to suggest that Count Dracula actually resided in Bran Castle, the association between the two has made the castle a popular tourist attraction. Visitors from around the world come to explore the castle's medieval architecture, marvel at its breathtaking views, and immerse themselves in the legends and folklore surrounding it.

Inside Bran Castle, you can discover a fascinating collection of artifacts and historical objects that offer insights into the castle's past. From medieval weapons and armor to intricate tapestries and antique furniture, each room tells a story of its own. As you wander through the castle's chambers, you can't help but feel a sense of wonder and intrigue.

In addition to its connection to Count Dracula, Bran Castle also plays a significant role in Romanian history. Over the years, it has served as a royal residence, a military stronghold, and even a museum. Today, it stands as a symbol of Romania's rich cultural heritage and attracts thousands of visitors who are eager to uncover the mysteries of this legendary castle.


Transylvania is a region in Romania that is famous for its enchanting medieval towns and breathtaking landscapes. Located in the heart of the country, Transylvania offers a unique blend of history, culture, and natural beauty that captivates visitors from around the world.

One of the most iconic attractions in Transylvania is the city of Brasov. With its well-preserved medieval architecture and charming cobblestone streets, Brasov transports you back in time. Take a stroll through the historic center and you'll encounter landmarks such as the Black Church, the Council Square, and the impressive Brasov Fortress. The city is also the gateway to the Carpathian Mountains, offering opportunities for hiking, skiing, and exploring the stunning natural landscapes.

Another must-visit destination in Transylvania is Sibiu, a city known for its well-preserved medieval walls and towers. Wander through the narrow streets of the Old Town and you'll discover beautiful squares, Gothic churches, and vibrant cafes. Don't miss the Brukenthal National Museum, which houses an impressive collection of European art, or the ASTRA Open Air Museum, where you can explore traditional Romanian village life.

For those seeking a more mystical experience, a visit to Bran Castle is a must. This iconic castle, often associated with the legend of Count Dracula, is perched on a hilltop and offers panoramic views of the surrounding countryside. Explore the castle's rooms and corridors, and learn about its history and connection to Bram Stoker's famous novel.

Transylvania is also home to stunning natural landscapes, including the Bucegi Mountains and the Retezat National Park. Outdoor enthusiasts can embark on hiking trails that lead to picturesque valleys, crystal-clear lakes, and majestic peaks. The region is also dotted with charming villages, where you can experience traditional Romanian hospitality and sample local cuisine.

Whether you're a history buff, a nature lover, or simply seeking an unforgettable adventure, Transylvania has something for everyone. Discover the enchanting region of Transylvania and immerse yourself in its rich history, stunning landscapes, and captivating charm.

Modern Era

In the modern era, Romania has undergone significant changes, including the fall of communism and its path towards joining the European Union. The fall of communism in Romania took place in 1989, following a series of protests and demonstrations against the oppressive regime of Nicolae Ceausescu. The revolution resulted in the overthrow of Ceausescu and the end of communist rule in the country.

After the fall of communism, Romania embarked on a journey of political and economic transformation. The country implemented democratic reforms and embraced a market economy. It also sought to strengthen its ties with the international community, including its aspirations to join the European Union.

Romania's journey towards EU membership began in 2007 when it officially became a member of the European Union. This milestone marked a significant step forward for the country, as it opened up new opportunities for trade, investment, and collaboration with other EU member states.

Since joining the EU, Romania has made progress in various areas, including infrastructure development, economic growth, and social reforms. The country has received financial support from the EU to improve its infrastructure, promote sustainable development, and enhance the quality of life for its citizens.

Furthermore, EU membership has provided Romania with access to a larger market, enabling its businesses to expand and compete on a global scale. It has also facilitated the free movement of people, allowing Romanians to live, work, and study in other EU countries.

However, Romania continues to face challenges in its journey towards full integration into the European Union. The country is working towards addressing issues such as corruption, judicial reform, and regional disparities. Efforts are being made to strengthen the rule of law, promote transparency, and ensure equal opportunities for all citizens.

In conclusion, Romania's modern era has been marked by the fall of communism and its subsequent efforts to become a member of the European Union. The country has made significant progress in various areas, but there are still challenges to overcome. Romania's journey towards EU integration reflects its commitment to democratic values, economic growth, and cooperation with its European counterparts.


Immerse yourself in Romania's vibrant culture, which offers a rich tapestry of traditions, music, dance, and mouthwatering cuisine. From the moment you step foot in this beautiful country, you will be captivated by the unique blend of influences that shape Romanian culture.

One of the highlights of Romanian culture is its traditional music and dance. The country is known for its lively folk music, which is often accompanied by energetic dances. The melodies and rhythms of Romanian music are infectious, and you can't help but tap your feet and join in the fun. Whether it's a traditional wedding celebration or a local festival, the music and dance performances will leave you spellbound.

Another aspect of Romanian culture that you simply can't miss is the delicious cuisine. Romanian food is a true reflection of the country's history and geography. Influenced by neighboring countries like Hungary, Serbia, and Turkey, Romanian cuisine offers a diverse range of flavors and dishes. From hearty stews and grilled meats to savory pastries and sweet treats, every bite is a culinary delight. Be sure to try traditional dishes like sarmale (stuffed cabbage rolls), mici (grilled sausages), and cozonac (a sweet bread with nuts and raisins).

To truly immerse yourself in Romanian culture, make sure to explore the country's folklore and traditions. Romania has a rich and colorful folklore, with stories of mythical creatures and legendary heroes. The traditional costumes worn during festivals and celebrations are a sight to behold, with their intricate embroidery and vibrant colors. Don't miss the opportunity to witness traditional customs and rituals, which have been passed down through generations.

Whether it's through music, dance, cuisine, or traditions, Romania's culture is a treasure trove waiting to be discovered. So, pack your bags and get ready to embark on a journey that will awaken your senses and leave you with memories to last a lifetime.

Folklore and Traditions

Folklore and traditions play a significant role in Romania's cultural identity, offering a glimpse into the country's rich history and heritage. Romania is known for its vibrant and diverse folklore, which encompasses a wide range of stories, legends, and customs passed down through generations.

One of the most captivating aspects of Romanian folklore is its colorful costumes. Each region in Romania has its own distinct traditional attire, characterized by intricate embroidery, vibrant colors, and unique designs. These costumes are often worn during traditional festivals and celebrations, showcasing the pride and cultural heritage of the Romanian people.

Another fascinating aspect of Romanian folklore is the abundance of unique customs and rituals. One such tradition is the "martisor," which is celebrated on March 1st. During this time, people exchange small trinkets called "martisoare" as a symbol of good luck and the arrival of spring. It is believed that wearing a "martisor" will bring prosperity and happiness throughout the year.

Romania is also renowned for its folklore tales and legends, with one of the most famous being the story of Count Dracula. Although fictional, the legend of Dracula has become deeply intertwined with Romanian folklore and has attracted countless tourists to the country. Bran Castle, often associated with Dracula, is a popular tourist attraction and offers visitors a glimpse into the mysterious world of vampires and Gothic architecture.

Additionally, traditional Romanian dances and music play a vital role in the country's folklore. The "hora" is a popular Romanian dance performed during celebrations and weddings, where participants form a circle and hold hands while dancing to lively music. This traditional dance symbolizes unity and community spirit.

Overall, exploring Romania's folklore and traditions is a captivating journey into a world of colorful costumes, unique customs, and enchanting legends. It is a testament to the country's cultural richness and offers visitors a deeper understanding of Romania's vibrant heritage.


Gastronomy is an essential part of Romanian culture, offering a delightful fusion of flavors and influences from neighboring countries. Romanian cuisine is known for its hearty and diverse dishes, making it a must-try for food enthusiasts. Let's take a closer look at the gastronomic wonders that Romania has to offer.

One of the defining characteristics of Romanian cuisine is the blend of influences from surrounding countries. Due to its location in Eastern Europe, Romanian dishes have been influenced by Turkish, Hungarian, Greek, and Slavic cuisines. This fusion of flavors creates a unique and diverse culinary experience.

One popular Romanian dish that exemplifies this blend of influences is sarmale. Sarmale consists of cabbage rolls stuffed with a savory mixture of minced meat, rice, and spices. It is a beloved dish that reflects the Turkish influence on Romanian cuisine.

Another iconic Romanian dish is mici, also known as "skinless sausages." These delicious grilled sausages are made from a combination of beef, lamb, and pork, seasoned with garlic and various herbs. Mici are often enjoyed with mustard and a side of fresh bread.

When it comes to desserts, Romania offers a variety of sweet treats that will satisfy any sweet tooth. One such delicacy is cozonac, a traditional sweet bread filled with walnuts, cocoa, and raisins. Cozonac is typically enjoyed during holidays and special occasions.

Additionally, Romania is famous for its cheese production. One of the most renowned Romanian cheeses is telemea, a salty and crumbly cheese made from sheep's milk. It is often used in various dishes or enjoyed on its own.

Overall, Romanian gastronomy is a delightful journey through flavors and influences. From savory dishes like sarmale and mici to sweet treats like cozonac, Romanian cuisine offers a diverse and satisfying experience. So, indulge in the flavors of Romanian cuisine and discover the unique blend of neighboring influences and local ingredients.

Frequently Asked Questions

  • What is the official language of Romania?

    The official language of Romania is Romanian. It is a Romance language, similar to Italian, French, and Spanish.

  • Do I need a visa to visit Romania?

    It depends on your nationality. Citizens of the European Union do not need a visa to enter Romania for short stays. However, if you are from a non-EU country, you may need to apply for a visa before your trip. It is recommended to check the visa requirements specific to your country before traveling.

  • What currency is used in Romania?

    The official currency of Romania is the Romanian Leu (RON). It is advisable to exchange your currency to Romanian Leu before your trip or upon arrival in Romania. Many establishments also accept major credit cards.

  • Is Romania a safe country to visit?

    Yes, Romania is generally a safe country to visit. Like any other destination, it is important to take common safety precautions, such as being aware of your surroundings and avoiding isolated areas at night. The local authorities and tourism industry strive to ensure the safety and well-being of visitors.

  • What are some must-visit attractions in Romania?

    Romania offers a wide range of attractions. Some must-visit places include Bran Castle, often associated with the legend of Dracula, the stunning landscapes of Transylvania, the painted monasteries of Bucovina, and the vibrant capital city of Bucharest. The Carpathian Mountains and the Danube Delta are also popular destinations for nature lovers.

  • What is traditional Romanian cuisine like?

    Traditional Romanian cuisine is diverse and flavorful. It includes dishes such as sarmale (cabbage rolls filled with meat and rice), mămăligă (polenta), mititei (grilled sausages), and cozonac (sweet bread). Romanian cuisine is influenced by neighboring countries like Hungary, Turkey, and Greece, resulting in a unique blend of flavors.

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